In my last Live-Training (in Italy), Alessandro Pellegrini made this wonderful Render:
This is the perfect image to say something about the Reflection Maps.
In the following image reflections are glossed. Leaks have been modeled in 3D, but the whole surface has just uniform reflections.
Here a detail of the scene: we can appreciate it a little bit more 🙂
But for aged wood simulation, uniform reflections is not the right solution. We need to controls the reflecions, making some points more reflective than others. The knots of the wood – for example – must reflect much less. This can easily be achieved by inserting another map in the ‘REFLECTION’ slot.
For this material we will use 2 simple maps:
1 – One in the Diffuse channel (where usually we have the classic textures)
2 – Another in the Reflecion channel
That’s how they look, just to figure out: (yes, yes .. after you download;-)
Here a simple way to simulate an aged wood:
Examples: no reflections(1), uniform reflections(2) and finally mapped reflections(3).
1) No reflections: it looks strange. Light is missing on its surface.
2) Uniform Reflections: just Glossy 0,75. Good for new floors.
3) Mapped Reflections: Glossy 0,75 + Reflection Map: Good for aged floors.
Of course you have to play with these parameters to find the right balance. Sometimes copying this maps also in RGlossiness and Bump channels is helpful. You just have to try and play around.
Usually, the reflection maps are ready to use in the materials in libraries you can buy online. They often have the suffix _refl or _reflection. If you want to create your own map by photoshop: start with black and white and increase contrast with levels and curves.
Can not miss some advice to get crisp textures in renders:
- For the final rendering, use the Adaptive DMC antialiasing (min / max – 1 / 16)
- For each texture go into the channel and set Blur: 1.0 -> 0.5 (or less)
- For each texture go into the channel and set: Filtering > summed area (or none)
The final result can be also accentuated with the Elements and a bit of compositing, but that’s another story.
In this video I show you how to start from a simple texture, transform it in a “reflection map”, apply in 3ds max and V-Ray.
- Watch the video
- Download THESE FILES and repeat the process
- Open “FINAL” and check if it is correct